A deferred-shape array is an array pointer or an allocatable array.
The array specification contains a colon ( : ) for each dimension of the array. No bounds are specified. The bounds (and shape) of allocatable arrays and array pointers are determined when space is allocated for the array during program execution.
An array pointer is an array declared with the POINTER attribute. Its bounds and shape are determined when it is associated with a target by pointer assignment, or when the pointer is allocated by execution of an ALLOCATE statement.
In pointer assignment, the lower bound of each dimension of the array pointer is the result of the LBOUND intrinsic function applied to the corresponding dimension of the target. The upper bound of each dimension is the result of the UBOUND intrinsic function applied to the corresponding dimension of the target.
A pointer dummy argument can be associated only with a pointer actual argument. An actual argument that is a pointer can be associated with a nonpointer dummy argument.
A function result can be declared to have the pointer attribute.
An allocatable array is declared with the ALLOCATABLE attribute. Its bounds and shape are determined when the array is allocated by execution of an ALLOCATE statement.
The following are examples of deferred-shape specifications:
REAL, ALLOCATABLE :: A(:,:) ! Allocatable array REAL, POINTER :: C(:), D (:,:,:) ! Array pointers
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