Description: |
Returns the lower bounds for all dimensions of an array, or the lower bound for a specified dimension. | ||

Class: |
Inquiry function; Generic | ||

Arguments: |
ARRAY | Must be an array (of any data type). It must not be an allocatable array that is not allocated, or a disassociated pointer. | |

DIM (opt) | Must be a scalar integer
with a value in the range 1 to n, where n is the rank
of ARRAY. | ||

KIND (opt) | Must be a scalar integer initialization expression. | ||

Results: |
The result is of type integer.
If KIND is present, the
kind parameter of the result is that specified by KIND; otherwise, the kind
parameter of the result is that of default integer. If the processor
cannot represent the result value in the kind of the result, the result
is undefined.
If DIM is present, the result is a scalar. Otherwise, the result is a rank-one array with one element for each dimension of ARRAY. Each element in the result corresponds to a dimension of ARRAY. If ARRAY is an array section or an array expression that is not a whole array or array structure component, each element of the result has the value 1. If ARRAY is a whole array or array structure component, LBOUND (ARRAY, DIM) has a value equal to the lower bound for subscript DIM of ARRAY (if ARRAY(DIM) is nonzero). If ARRAY(DIM) has size zero, the corresponding element of the result has the value 1. The setting of compiler options that specify integer size can affect the result of this function. |

**Examples**

Consider the following:

```
REAL ARRAY_A (1:3, 5:8)
REAL ARRAY_B (2:8, -3:20)
```

LBOUND (ARRAY_A) is (1, 5). LBOUND (ARRAY_A, DIM=2) is 5.

LBOUND (ARRAY_B) is (2, -3). LBOUND (ARRAY_B (5:8, :)) is (1,1) because the arguments are array sections.

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