A record is a sequence of values or a sequence of characters. There are three kinds of Fortran records, as follows:
A record containing formatted data that requires translation from internal to external form. Formatted I/O statements have explicit format specifiers (which can specify list-directed formatting) or namelist specifiers (for namelist formatting). Only formatted I/O statements can read formatted data.
A record containing unformatted data that is not translated from internal form. An unformatted record can also contain no data. The internal representation of unformatted data is processor-dependent. Only unformatted I/O statements can read unformatted data.
The last record of a file. An endfile record can be explicitly written to a sequential file by an ENDFILE statement (see Section 12.4 for details on OpenVMS systems, and Section 13.4 for deatils on Tru64 UNIX, Linux, and Windows systems).
A file is a sequence of records. There are two types of Fortran files, as follows:
A file that exists in a medium (such as computer disks or terminals) external to the executable program.
Records in an external file must be either all formatted or all unformatted. There are three ways to access records in external files: sequential, keyed access (VMS only), and direct access.
In sequential access, records are processed in the order in which they appear in the file. In direct access, records are selected by record number, so they can be processed in any order. In keyed access, records are processed by key-field value.
Memory (internal storage) that behaves like a file. This type of file provides a way to transfer and convert data in memory from one format to another. The contents of these files are stored as scalar character variables.
For More Information:
For details on formatted and unformatted data transfers and external file access methods, see your user manual or programmer's guide.